The University of Alabama

UA College of Engineering Opens 3-D Printing Lab

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At left, Dr. Andrew Graettinger, 3-D Printing Lab director and associate professor in the department of civil, construction and environmental engineering, talks with Jarr Strydom, lab assistant and freshman in mechanical engineering from Alpharetta, Ga.

Editor’s note: Jamey Grimes, instructor in the department of art and art history, will be displaying 3-D printed art and a printer at Kentuck Art Night from 5-9 p.m. March 7 at Kentuck’s Clark Building in downtown Northport.

TUSCALOOSA, Ala. — No longer a future technology, 3-D printing is becoming more commonplace in manufacturing and business, prompting The University of Alabama College of Engineering to open a lab that encourages creativity among faculty and students.

The UA 3-D Printing Lab is free to anyone on campus to test the bounds of the relatively new technology of additive manufacturing, the process of creating objects by layering material on itself. In its first semester, the lab has already attracted faculty and staff from art, theater, biology, engineering and the other sciences eager to use the technology.

“The lab will allow us to better prepare our students for the sorts of environments they will see when entering the work force and help them develop the skills so critical in getting products to market,” said Dr. Charles L. Karr, dean of the UA College of Engineering. “We made the conscientious decision to open the laboratory to students across the campus because it allows for the added benefit of providing engineering students with access to a truly cross disciplinary environment, one that will allow for innovation and creativity.”

The lab is a collection of new 3-D printers along with printers that were already in the College of Engineering, said Dr. Andrew Graettinger, lab director and associate professor in the department of civil, construction and environmental engineering. There are three desktop-sized printers for smaller jobs, two commercial-scale printers for intricate or larger jobs and a wax printer used to make parts that can be later cast in metal. There is also a 3-D scanner that can create three-dimensional models from real-world objects. The 3-D printers generate accurate representations of parts designed in several software programs including SolidWorks, AutoCAD and Google SketchUp.

“We’re really on the cutting edge with the lab’s capabilities,” Graettinger said. “The College and University are in an excellent position for the future.”

The process is quick. The lab can receive a design and often print the part within a day, reducing fabrication, manufacturing or shipping delays, he said.

The 3-D printing works similar to a standard printer, but instead of printing flat words on paper with ink, 3-D printers buildup layers of plastic and continue upward and outward to create objects, even those with moving parts. As the technology has improved over the past roughly 15 years, it has become cheaper and smaller, allowing for desktop-sized 3-D printers costing not much more than a personal computer. Graettinger said the technology’s impact could be similar to the printing press that made publishing easier and cheaper centuries ago.

“You’ve basically taken manufacturing and given it to everybody now,” he said.

Engineers of every stripe will likely use the technology in the coming years as it spreads to broader range of industries and businesses, and the College’s lab will help UA students tinker with the technology outside the classroom, Graettinger said.

“We want to promote creativity, and that means keeping it open and free,” he said. “If there is a true need for the part, then we encourage people to turn their ideas into something they can hold in their hand.”

Already, engineering students working on projects have taken to the lab to make prototypes or usable parts, but others have also come. A biology professor printed out a model of a microscopic bug to show in class, Graettinger said. Students from the College of Arts and Sciences used the lab to print parts for theater set design and art students print creative pieces for design courses.

“There are some very complex forms that would otherwise be extremely difficult to construct without this technology,” said Jamey Grimes, an instructor in the department of art and art history who teaches a 3-D design course popular with engineering students.

“Including this new tool just makes sense next to other traditional methods, especially in classes where the goal is thinking and creating in three dimensions,” Grimes said. “There is a lot of work involved in this type of project, so that a student on the band saw has as much to coordinate as someone working with a 3-D printer. The fundamental thinking and communication does not change.”

Working with the engineering 3-D Printing Lab and also with the Rodgers Science Library, which has an open-use 3-D printer, Grimes is bringing 3-D printed art from his students along with a printer to Kentuck Art Night March 7 in downtown Northport to showcase the technology’s possibilities.

“Lots of different people are using this technology, and it still feels new,” Grimes said. “Like any other tool, once people see how it works and get a chance to play, it can inspire new ideas. I find that when art and engineering collide, exciting things happen.”

In 1837, The University of Alabama became one of the first five universities in the nation to offer engineering classes. Today, UA’s fully accredited College of Engineering has more than 3,900 students and more than 110 faculty. In the last eight years, students in the College have been named USA Today All-USA College Academic Team members, Goldwater, Hollings, Portz, Mitchell and Truman scholars.

The University of Alabama, a student-centered research university, is experiencing significant growth in both enrollment and academic quality. This growth, which is positively impacting the campus and the state's economy, is in keeping with UA's vision to be the university of choice for the best and brightest students. UA, the state's flagship university, is an academic community united in its commitment to enhancing the quality of life for all Alabamians.